Royal Enfield History

The history of Royal Enfield motorcycles

1891

R. W. Smith and Albert Eadie take over the management of the Townsend Cycle Company in Redditch, United Kingdom. Shortly thereafter, they begin supplying precision machine parts to the Royal Enfield Small Arms Factory in Enfield, Middlesex. Your company is renamed Enfield Manufacturing Company Limited (limited liability production company)

1893

1893

Enfield Manufacturing Ltd. becomes a Royal Enfield - "Royal" is taken over by Royal Small Arms Company. The "Made Like a Gun" trademark is introduced.

1898

1898

R. W. Smith designs the prototype of a motorized vehicle, a four-wheeled bicycle known as the Quadricycle. It uses a copyrighted 1 1/2 hp De Dion engine.

1900

1900

Royal Enfield enters motorsport when one of his quadbikes takes part in a 1000-mile trial. The event convinces the British public of the feasibility of motorised transport.

1901

1901

The first Royal Enfield motorcycle is produced. It was designed by R. W. Smith and Frenchman Jules Goliet and has a 1 1/2 hp Minerva engine mounted in front of the steering head. The axle drive is mounted on the rear wheel with a raw leather belt.

1914

1914

The first motorcycle with a 2-stroke engine goes into production completely. Under the increased involvement of The United Kingdom in the Second World War, production of all other Royal Enfield motorcycles will be discontinued and production will be focused on this machine as well as on the company's largest motorcycle, the 770cc 6 hp V-Twin.

1926

1926

The ongoing development leads to a range of 8 models, including the launch of the Sports Model 351, the first Royal Enfield 350cc OHV motorcycle with 4-stroke engine and foot shift lever. It is powered by a JAP motor. A 225cc 2-stroke step-through "women's model" is also launched.

1928

1928

Royal Enfield takes over a saddle tank instead of the overhauled flat bottom tank. The company is also one of the first motorcycle companies to change their front fork system from a druid design to central-cushioned trapezoidal forks.

1930

1930

The decade begins with a wide range of eleven models, ranging from the 225cc 2-stroke engine model A to the 976cc-V-Twin Model K. The 350 and 500cc machines are also manufactured with dry sump lubrication on the side and top valves.

1932

1932

The legendary "Bullet" motorcycle is born. It was first exhibited in November 1932 at the important Earls Court Motorcycle Show in London. Three versions: 250, 350 and 500cc are available, all equipped with inclined "sloper" motors, double inlet cylinder heads, foot shift levers and high compression pistons.

1935

1935

Cecil Barrow drives a 500cc bullet at the Isle of Man TT and finishes the race in 8th place with an average speed of 119 km/h. This is Royal Enfield 's last factory-sponsored participation in the event. The 500cc Bullet will undergo radical changes the following year, with the release of a new sporty version, the JF model, which is equipped with a 4-valve cylinder head.

1939-1945

1939-1945

Royal Enfield produced large quantities of motorcycles and bicycles during World War II. The most famous military model is the 125cc "Airborne" motorcycle, known as the Flying Flea. This 125cc 2-stroke engine can be built into a specially crafted parachute cradle and dropped behind enemy lines with paratroopers.

1948

1948

The 350cc Bullett prototype with rear wing suspension suspension is presented in the Colmore Cup Trial Test in March 1948. Two Bullets are part of the victorious British team in the 1948 ISDT (International Six Day Trial), which was held in Italy. Both riders win gold medals.

1949

1949

The new 350cc Bullet and 500 Twin models will be launched in the UK. Both motorcycles have the same frame, swing arm suspension, telescopic wheel forks and gearboxes. K. R. Sundaram Iyer founded Madras Motors to import British motorcycles into India. In addition to Norton and Matchless machines, he also sells Royal Enfields.

1952

1952

Madras Motors receives an order from the Indian Army for 800 350cc Bullet motorcycles. The motorcycles arrive from Redditch at the beginning of 1953 and turn out to be a great success because they are both durable and easy to maintain. Johnny Brittain wins the prestigious Scottish Six Days Trial on his 350cc Bullet motorcycle, "HNP 331".

1955

1955

Redditch is establishing a partnership with Madras Motors in India to found Enfield India. Work begins on the construction of a dedicated factory in Tiruvottiyur, near Madras.

1956

1956

The Tiruvottiyur factory is put into operation and the licensed production of bullets is started. The initial production is based on machines that come from England in the form of a kit, which are then assembled in Madras. A total of 163 bullets will be produced by the end of the year.

1957

1957

Johnny Brittain wins the Scottisch Six Days Trial for the second time on a Bullet Motorcycle and also wins the British Trials Championship. The 250cc Crusader model is launched in the UK. With an output of 13 hp, the motorcycle offers a motor unit and three-phase electrics with battery ignition.

1964

1964

The iconic Continental GT Café Racer motorcycle is launched with great success when a team of photojournalists from John 'o Groats drive to Lands End in less than 24 hours over 7 laps on the Silverstone circuit. The GT offers features such as a racing petrol tank, plug-in handlebars, rear footrests, a racing hump seat, rev counter and a curved exhaust.

1967

1967

With only two models in production at the beginning of the year – the 250cc Continental GT and the 736cc Interceptor – the Redditch plant from Royal Enfield. Intercontinental production will continue at enfield's underground facility in Bradford on AVON .

1977

1977

Royal Enfield India begins exporting the 350cc Bullet to the UK and Europe. Sales are growing rapidly as motorcycles become increasingly popular among classic British motorcycle fans.

1989

1989

A new 24 hp 500cc bullet is launched. The motorcycle is mainly intended for export markets, where it is available in the Classic, Deluxe and Superstar versions together with the 350.

1993

1993

Enfield India produces the world's first mass-produced diesel motorcycle. Known as Enfield Diesel, it uses an extremely fuel-efficient 325 cc drive unit installed in the chassis of the Standard Bullet.

1994

1994

The Eicher Group acquires Enfield India Limited. The company will be renamed Royal Enfield Motors Limited.

1997

1997

Forty Royal Enfield motorcycles travel to Khardung La, the world's highest motorcycle-passing mountain pass, creating a precedent for fabulous rides in the world's most difficult terrain.

2001

2001

The Daredevils, the motorcycle showman of the Indian Army Corps in Signals, Jabalpur, forms a human pyramid of 201 men on ten 350cc Enfield motorcycles, which run a distance of over 200 meters.

2002

2002

The Thunderbird, an elegant lean motor cruiser, is launched in India. It has the first five-speed transmission used in Redditch since 1965 on a Royal Enfield . More than 1000 Royal Enfield motorcycles of all ages arrive in Redditch for the Royal Enfield Owner's Club Redditch Revisited event.

2004

2004

The Electra X, an export bullet with a 500cc version of a fully alloyed lean motor, goes on sale. The retro-style "Bullet Machismo" is rated "Best Cruiser" in a TNS Autocar survey.

2005

2005

Royal Enfield celebrates its 50th anniversary in India.

2008

Royal Enfield begins exporting the Classic, India's first 500cc EFI, Euro III compliant motorcycle, to European markets. Thunderbird Twinspark is launched in India with the new Unit Construction Engine (UCE).

2009

2009

The 500cc UCE engine is launched in India. The Classic version in retro style immediately achieves cult status and sales grow rapidly.

2011

2011

The company is running its first annual "One Ride," with all Royal Enfield riders around the world being encouraged to ride a motorcycle on the first Sunday in April. Royal Enfield acquires 125,000m2 of land in Oragadam near Chennai for its new factory. A trip organized by the factory crosses the border with the "Nepal Tour".

2012

2012

Royal Enfield introduces its first highway cruiser on the market, the all-black Thunderbird 500. Work on the new factory in Oragadam continues rapidly, while the Tiruvottiyur plant sets new production records.

2013

2013

Royal Enfield , production begins at its second site in Oragadam, Tamil Nadu. With increased capacity, the state-of-the-art factory will become the core of the company's global goals in the future.

2013

2013

Forty-eight years after the development of the world's first production of the Cafe Racer, Royal Enfield is introducing the completely new Continental GT. Rockers, critics and riders agree that this motorcycle offers a never-before-seen driving pleasure.

2014

2014

Royal Enfield introduces a new sales experience with the opening of the first exclusive equipment store of its kind in Khan Market, New Delhi.

2015

2015

Royal Enfield former partner company Harris Performance from the UK, a motorcycle construction and development company, to expand its design and product design expertise.

2015

2015

Royal Enfield establishes its first direct sales subsidiary outside India in North America. Royal Enfield 's North American headquarters are located in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.

2016

2016

Royal Enfield introduces the Himalayas. With the completely new LS410 engine and the off-road suspension, it promises unique driving pleasure on all roads and off-road.

2017

2017

Royal Enfield brings its fully operational technology centre in the UK to Bruntingthorpe Proving Ground, Leicester.

2017

2017

Royal Enfield starts production from its third manufacturing plant in Vallam, near Chennai

2017

2017

Royal Enfield unveils "The Twins" at the EICMA Motor Show, Milan, and the Rider Mani

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